Although we have developed skills in first aid and CPR, humans are still quite sensitive. Accidents may happen everywhere, even to those who believe they are too busy. It is important to learn CPR and first aid.
There has been a lengthy history of significance for “CPR and First Aid: A History of Saving Lives Throughout the Ages.” These skills help in saving lives for both regular people and emergency responders. Over time, these life-saving therapies have changed, going from being ancient remedies to becoming slashing methods.
Important Reminder: C-A-B
You can recall the order of the CPR steps by using the American Heart Association’s C-A-B memory aid.
- C: compressions
- A: airway
- B: breathing
- Person should be placed flat on a sturdy surface.
- Bend down next to their shoulders and neck.
- Thumb of your lower hand should be at the centre of their chest (between nipples).
- Keep your elbows straight and your shoulders over your hands as you place your second hand on top.
- Using your entire body weight, push strongly to a distance of at least 2.4 inches but no more than 2 inches.
- Follow the tempo of “Stayin’ Alive” by doing 100–120 compressions per minute.
- With each thrust, let the chest raise itself.
- Until movement or medical assistance, perform compressions if untrained. Go to the airway and revive breathing if you are trained.
Here’s how to open the airway if you are experienced with CPR and have completed 30 chest compressions:
- Put your hand on their forehead.
- They gently revert their head.
- Lift their chin forward while gripping their other hand.
- This facilitates clearing the airway.
- To do mouth-to-mouth, squeeze the nostrils tight after opening the airway with a head-tilt and chin-lift.
- To create a seal, place your mouth over the other person’s mouth.
- Two rescue breaths are coming, so get ready.
- Deliver the initial breath for one second, then observe the chest to see whether it moves.
- Take another breath if it increases.
- If not, perform the head tilt, chin lift, and second breath again.
- Two rescue breaths are taken after every cycle of 30 chest compressions.
- Breathe normally and gently; avoid exhaling rapidly or often.
- To reestablish blood flow, keep doing chest compressions.
Giving CPR To A Child
In order to do CPR on a kid from the age of one to puberty, follow the C-A-B stages. Don’t hesitate to begin CPR immediately away. According to the American Heart Association, this is how CPR should be performed on a child.
Compressions: Restore blood flow
- Place the kid on a stable surface.
- Kneel while holding their shoulders and neck.
- Place your hands on their lower breastbone with two hands (or one if they are extremely little).
- Push down on the chest with your heel(s), ideally 2 inches, but no more than 2.4 inches.
- 100 to 120 compressions per minute, pushing quickly and firmly.
- If unskilled, apply compressions until they move or emergency assistance arrives.
- When competent, open the airway and provide rescue breathing.
Open the child’s airway after performing 30 chest compressions if you have CPR training.
Grasp their forehead with your hand.
They gently revert their head.
Lift the chin forward and expand the airway with your other hand.
Breathe for the child
- After clearing the child’s airway, squeeze their nose and place your mouth over theirs to create a seal.
- For one second, inhale into their mouth.
- Don’t breathe too frequently or too strongly.
The extensive history of these life-saving techniques is highlighted in “CPR and First Aid: A History of Saving Lives Throughout the Ages.” Everyone needs them, including both regular folks and first responders. Compressions are a crucial component of CPR’s C-A-B steps, which are performed to the beat of “Stayin’ Alive,” with the airway and breathing procedures coming next. Opening the airway and doing rescue breathing are essential when trained. Adjust the procedure as necessary when working with kids. In an emergency, having these abilities may make all the difference in terms of saving lives.